Abduction

Suffcient Causes: On Oxygen, Matches, and Fires

DSA ADS Course - 2021

Suffcient Causes: On Oxygen, Matches, and Fires

Probability, Causality, Causal Inference, Counterfactuals, Suffcient Causes, Explanation, Abduction

2019

Abstract

We demonstrate how counterfactuals can be used to compute the probability that one event was/is a sufcient cause of another, and how counterfactuals emerge organically from basic scientifc knowledge, rather than manipulative experiments. We contrast this demonstration with the potential outcome framework and address the distinction between causes and enablers.